Causes of Infertility: Female

woman

Anovulation and/or ovarian failure may be due to a number of problems including:

  • Problems with the endocrine system that controls hormones, including the parts of the brain, pituitary, thyroid, and other glands
  • A specific ovarian disorder, called polycystic ovary disease (PCO)
  • Ovarian failure due to aging
  • Decreased ovarian reserve (not enough eggs left in the ovaries)
  • Premature ovarian failure, or menopause earlier than normal
  • Tobacco use, which can decrease ovulation

Some of these causes of anovulation, for example PCO, can be treated medically.

30% of female infertility is due to problems in the Fallopian tubes, usually because of a past history of pelvic inflammatory disease or tubal surgery.

Endometriosis, in which the uterine lining gets deposited outside the uterus, can cause 15 % of female infertility. 2 to 3% may be due to uterine or cervical factors including fibroid tumors, cervical polyps, a congenital abnormality in the uterus, scars in the uterus, or poor quality of the normal mucous in the cervix, which can occur as the result of infection or smoking.

{ MORE: Yes, Women Are Using Menstrual Cups to Get Pregnant }

10% of female infertility cannot be diagnosed specifically.

Doctors will do a thorough evaluation, starting with a health history and physical examination, to try and find a reason for a couple’s infertility.

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Causes of Infertility: Female

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32 comments

  1. mommy nhoj says:

    I knew someone who’s diagnosed with PCOS. She got pregnant 2 years ago but it was ectopic. Her left ovary was removed due to complication 🙁 she is still optimistic to conceive despite what happened

  2. LIZ says:

    very interesting article

  3. Christina says:

    i would adopt and treat them like family

  4. TaKeisha says:

    We would adopt and become foster parents to children who a loving home.

  5. I have trouble conceiving and carrying; however, surrogacy is not for me. I would just go with adoption. There is always a child needing and deserving love.

  6. joyce says:

    so fat I have not had any problems getting pregnant but if I did I would consider adoption or using a surrogate.

  7. My sister doesn’t get her period. We were worried for a time that she wouldn’t be able to conceive.

  8. michelle says:

    We’ve been ttc for over 12 yrs. now. 🙁 We were blessed with our son before. I have PCOS and have had to have Endometriosis removed. I have a lot of other health issues and pray every day that we will be blessed with one more before I won’t be able to handle a pregnancy.

  9. I actually thought i was suffering from anovulation, but it turned out I was going through REALLY early menopause. I just happened to stumble across this doc called "Hot Flash Havoc" and after watching it, I immediately got myself diagnosed and my question was answered. The flick actually had a lot of good info on all types of menopause and female infertility.

    Here’s a link if anyone’s interested:

    http://bit.ly/11Wg60W

  10. jaimee says:

    I was diagnosed with PCOS a few years ago.

  11. I thought I might have a fertility problem. I had a lot of unprotected sex and never got pregnant. When we first started TTC, We only tried twice and I got pregnant. I guess everything really does happen for a reason. =]

  12. Ada says:

    So does it mean that you are not ovulating when you don’t have a period and I don’t mean menopause. My friend is in her early thirties and her period stopped.

  13. Jennifer says:

    I was diagnosed with PCOS Oct 2012

  14. Jeanetta says:

    I didn’t know there can be so many reasons why a women couldn’t get pregnant,

  15. Trarabear says:

    I have PCO, I have tried on and off for 8 years now with no luck. I unfortunately have a lot of health problems making it worse. I am overweight and sadly can’t seem to lose it. I have been put on medication for it, diets, etc and nothing is helping anymore. I have clinical depression which makes it hard to find "get up and go" in order to exercise much. I want to, and I want to have a baby more than anything, but I just can’t seem to get up and motivate. It is heartbreaking not being a mom.

  16. Angela says:

    So sad, i feel bad for those who want to have a baby and cant

  17. Julie says:

    Great info in this article. I didn’t know some of this stuff.

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